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Power issue

WP3C Member ✭✭
Hi I have a question.. would someone knows why the radio does not gives me 100 W in all bands? Where only I can reach the 100W is 6M, 10M & 15M. The antennas are with a good SWR.


  • dlwarnberg
    dlwarnberg Member ✭✭
    edited June 2019
    Antennas?  Can you elaborate on SWR on the higher bands, like 20, 40, 80m?  Also how are you measuring wattage output? As SWR climbs output drops.

    Example (measuring output with LP-100A, tuning with AT2K, 20 watt tune, 40 meters)
    SWR of 1.75 output = 16.9 watts
    SWR of 1.50 output =  17.7 watts
    SWR of 1.25 output =  18.5 watts
    SWR of 1.0 output = 19.5 /19.6 watts

    So as you can see SWR can greatly effect output

  • Jim Gilliam
    Jim Gilliam Member ✭✭
    edited June 2019
    If you measure the power output at the output of the transmitter or tuner the forward power will read the reflected power plus the transmitter power (theoretically). With a higher SWR the forward power should read a larger value not a lower value. If you subtract the forward power from the reflected power you will measure the output power of the transmitter.

    Jim, K6QE
  • AE0MW
    AE0MW Member ✭✭
    edited June 2019
    The other very likely cause is power supply voltage. The Flex expects 13.8V at the input powerpole connection while under full load.

    Most amateur's shacks I've been in are not setup to do this, and many commercial power supplies need to have their voltage tweaked slightly higher in order to accomplish the task. A powerpole distribution box, some emergency battery cutovers, some lower awg power cable, extra wire curled up behind the rig/power supply, etc all lead to voltage drop once you start drawing significant current.

    Best to go direct from the power supply to the flex, using proper awg wire, and trim it to be the appropriate length.

    Or you can tweak the output of your supply up a little bit.
  • HCampbell  WB4IVF
    HCampbell WB4IVF Member ✭✭
    edited June 2019

    This question has been asked countless times, in this and other fora for other brands.  Here is one thread from this community, including the response from Flex:


    Gerald - K5SDR, Employee

    Official Response

    Let me first address how we calibrate our radios at the factory.  The entire process is automated and cannot be bypassed by the factory operator or test technician.  It is not possible for a radio to complete the test process without PA calibration over its linear power range on all all bands.  After the automated calibration and 24 hour burn in we perform a 100% QA using the SmartSDR GUI and run the power up to manually confirm 100W on the center of each band before shipment.

    All power calibration is performed with the voltage set to 13.8V under full load at the DC terminals on the back of the radio.  We use a 40 dB precision power attenuator connected to a Mini-Circuits PWR-4GHS Power Sensor to precisely measure the power during both the automated test and the final QA.  The measurement accuracy of this test station is significantly better than virtually all ham measurement equipment on the market including the popular Bird "slug" watt-meters.  

    MOSFETs used in HF power amplifiers are effectively variable resistors where the resistance will increase as they heat.  As the resistance goes up with heat, the power will decrease (P = E^2/R).  If the voltage on the input terminals decreases the power will go down proportional to the square of the voltage.  

    Not all dummy loads are 50 ohms.  Not all ham dummy loads are still (or were ever) good.  Cables don't have 0 dB loss.  Not all connectors are good.  DC connector crimps and connections are not 0 Ohms.  What is the absolute accuracy of the power meter at the frequency of measurement?

    Let's say we have a peak current of 20A and a series resistance of 0.1 Ohm in the DC cable and connector.  P = I^2 * R = 20^2 * 0.1 = 40W  That means that the cable and connector will dissipate 40W before you get to the back of the radio.  The voltage drop at 20A will be 20 * 0.1 = 2V.  It all makes a difference.

    Now let's look at the effect of a simple change in impedance of the RF load.  Let's say that the load is 55 Ohms instead of 50 Ohms.  100W is 70.7 Vrms into 50 Ohms.  Since P = E^2/R then P = 70.7^2/55 = 90.88W.  A 5 Ohm (10%) increase in the load drops the power to ~91W.   55 Ohms is a SWR of 1.1:1.  You can experience that SWR on a cable, connectors and ham shack dummy load fairly commonly.  Drop the impedance to 45 Ohms at the same voltage and you get 111W.  Same 1.1:1 SWR!  

    Finally, in the 90.88W example the power output difference from 100W is only 0.4 dB, which is totally imperceptible on the other end of the contact.  


  • Michael N3LI
    Michael N3LI Member ✭✭
    edited June 2019
    If you are using SSB, are you driving it with a proper level? Stay in the yellow, remember, with Flex you don't want the audio drive to be in the red.
  • WP3C
    WP3C Member ✭✭
    edited June 2019
    The antennas have good SWR, but in some bands gives 100w and others bands doesn't. I'm making the test in CW.

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