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# Atmospheric Noise Levels

I'm doing some noise studies in preparation for some upcoming FMT runs (frequency measuring tests -- complete with Rubidium clocks, GPS disciplined oscillators, and all other variety of craziness). The panadapter displays are derived from FFT's. Hence, signal levels represent average power over the duration of some number of samples. There is inherent tension between the desire for accuracy of narrowband signals (e.g., CW), and estimates of the noise floor. An FFT is not simultaneously ideal for both of these at the same time. So the compromise is usually made in favor of narrowband signal reporting.

I can make the noise floor corrections on my own as long as I know the duration of the FFT's being used. Can I assume that this is indicated by the "Buffer Size" on the DSP/Options panel of PowerSDR Setup? I see it defaulting right now to 2048 samples at 48 kHz sample rate. And hence the FFT bin width is 48 kHz divided by 2048 = 23.4 Hz?

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## Answers

I should apologize for even asking. Looking at the waterfall display shows a band noise level of roughly -130 dBm while a 1 kHz CWU bandpass shows an S-meter reading of -114 dBm. Hence, your FFT analysis bins have an effective bandwidth of somewhere around 25 Hz. That being the case, with a sample rate of 48 kHz for the Flex-1500, you must be using FFT's with 2048 samples, assuming you are using Cooley-Tukey with 2^N samples.